Facts on Obesity: Here are the most important facts about obesity
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To you some fast facts about the obesity epidemic:
obesity rates: Obesity is the accumulation of excess or abnormal fats that may be harmful to health. In adults, body mass index (BMI) is the commonly used indicator for weight and height classifications. BMI is measured by dividing his weight in kilograms versus his height in square meters. In adults, obesity is defined as follows by the World Health Organization;
BMI greater than or equal to 25 with increased weight
BMI is equal to or more than 30 as obese
Facts about Childhood obesity:
Age in children plays an important role in defining obesity. Children under five years of age are considered obese if their weight-for-height is greater than 3 standard deviations in the World Health Organization's standard mean of child development. The WHO Growth Reference considers children 5-19 to be obese if their weight-for-height is greater than two standard deviations.
Facts about obesity
facts and figures about obesity middot:
obesity among children and adults:
In 2016, about 13% of the world's population was obese, and out of these numbers, 11% were men and 15% were women. In the same year, about 41 million children under the age of 15 were obese, while 340 million children between the ages of 5-19 were obese. Obesity has always been considered a problem in high-income countries, but things are changing now that there has been an increase in obesity recently in both middle and low-income countries as well. For example, since 2000, there has been an increase in obesity-related cases in Africa where the number has been escalating with an estimated 50% in children. In Asia, nearly half of children under the age of 5 were considered obese in data collected in 2016. More deaths have also been linked to obesity and overweight compared to deaths from underweight issues.
Causes of obesity
Obesity mainly occurs due to a mismatch in energy levels between calories consumed and those consumed. There has been a global increase in; (A) Eat foods rich in energy and high in fat. (B) Increase in physical stillness due to the nature of the office related to work structure, urbanization, and various forms of transportation. Environmental and societal changes led to changes in both physical patterns and diet. The lack of support for actions in the health, agriculture, education, and transportation sectors has also led to some notable changes.
A high level of BMI leads to the emergence of a number of infectious diseases such as;
Cardiovascular disease (stroke and heart attack).
Cancer (kidney and colon)
Musculoskeletal disorders (osteoporosis)
some facts for obesity also
It has also been found that the risk of developing diseases increases with increasing levels of BMI. Some disabilities and early deaths have been linked to childhood obesity as children grow with the condition. Obese children also have breathing problems, high blood pressure, insulin resistance, increased fractures, and psychological effects. Obesity, weight gain, and other non-communicable diseases can be prevented. Community and the environment, which are supportive, are key in shaping people's choices. People can make the best choices in terms of eating healthy foods and engaging in regular physical exercise, which will culminate in reducing and preventing obesity and weight gain. On an individual level, limiting the intake of fats and sugary foods can increase the intake of vegetables, fruits, nuts, and grains. Individuals must also participate in regular physical activities. In terms of promoting healthy diets, the food industry can also play an important role in ensuring this;
Processed foods have reduced levels of fat and sugar
• All consumers can buy healthy foods.
• Foods intended for children and teens have reduced sugar, fat, and salt.
Support regular physical activities.