Obesity in America: A Growing Epidemic and Great Concern
Obesity in America : Obesity facts
Obesity is a common, dangerous, and costly disease
Obesity has become a serious health problem in the United States (USA): approximately 35% of Americans are obese. Obesity in America is not just a "contour control" problem; It is now considered a chronic disease by the American Medical Association, the American Association of Endocrinologists, the American College of Endocrinologists, the Endocrine Society, the Obesity Society, the American Society of Bar Physicians, and the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
It is, in fact, a national epidemic according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). And it's not just a weight problem: it can have dangerous effects on physical health, metabolism, and psychological well-being.
Definition of overweight and obesity or severe obesity
Overweight and obesity are determined by the body mass index (BMI), which is calculated by dividing weight (in kilograms) by the square of height (in meters). BMI from 25 to 29.9 kg / m2 indicates that an individual is overweight; A BMI of 30 kg / m2 or more indicates that a person is obese. People with a BMI of more than 40 kg / m2 are considered obese in stage 3, and at some point, they were said to suffer from "morbid obesity". However, BMI is not a perfect measure. It does not distinguish between lean mass and fat mass, nor does it take into account racial or ethnic differences.
Other factors to consider include waist circumference, neckline, general fitness, and lifestyle. More importantly, the notion that patients may develop "sick lipids", or adipose tissue disease (lipopathy), as introduced in the medical literature by Dr. Harold Bayes, now makes the goal of treatment to restore normal adipose tissue function.
In childhood obesity, obesity rates are assessed differently. Because a child's body composition varies with age, it is measured as an age- and gender-specific percentage of BMI. In children and adolescents aged 2 to 19 years, BMI indicates at or above 85, but less than 95, percentage indicates overweight; A child with a BMI of 95 percent or more is considered obese.
How widespread is the problem?
The obesity epidemic in the united states is widespread, according to the CDC. Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) database 2011-2012, the CDC reports that more than a third of adults (34.9% or 78.6 million) in the United States are obese.
As of 2013, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the prevalence of the obesity epidemic in one state was at least 20% - the national target is 15%. The lowest rates (20-25%) were in California, Colorado, Hawaii, Massachusetts, Montana, Utah, Vermont, and Washington, DC. The highest percentage (35% or higher) was in Mississippi and West Virginia. Regionally, the prevalence was highest in the south (30.2%), while the lowest prevalence was in the west (24.9%).
An independent study of metropolitan areas in the United States revealed that Provo-Ourem, Utah has the lowest rate of obesity in America (on a score of 1 to 100, with 1 being the lowest) and that Shreveport-Bossier City, Los Angeles has the highest. The New York metropolitan area is in the center, with a score of 54.
The most likely to be obese are black women of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin (30.7% and 41.9%, respectively). Obesity is more prevalent among middle-aged adults between the ages of 40 and 59 (39.5%) compared to those between 20 and 39 years of age (30.3%), or 60 years of age or older (35.4%). Women with higher incomes are less likely to be obese than those with lower incomes. Although there is no correlation between obesity and education in men, women with university degrees are less likely to develop severe obesity than women with less education.
What is the impact of the obesity epidemic on society?
obesity in the united states has affected health care costs across the country - an estimated between $ 147 billion and $ 210 billion in direct and indirect health care costs, as of 2010.
Medical costs for obese individuals were calculated to be $ 1,429 higher in 2006 than those of normal weight.
The lifetime medical costs for a 10-year-old obese are staggering: about $ 19,000 compared to a normal-weight child.
When multiplying the number of obese children in America by the age of 10, lifetime healthcare expenditures are estimated at $ 14 billion.
In the workplace, low productivity and increased absenteeism due to overweight and obesity is a huge economic burden on our society. prevalence of obesity-related absenteeism costs an estimated $ 4.3 billion per year, and low productivity on the job costs $ 506 for every obese employee each year. The higher an individual's BMI, the more sick days and medical claims - so also increases the medical costs of a worker with obesity. Also, employees who are obese have higher workers compensation claims.
It costs more than financial
If obesity rates continue to rise, the pooled healthcare costs associated with treating obesity-related illnesses could rise by $ 48 billion to $ 66 billion a year by 2030; Productivity loss can range from $ 390 billion to $ 580 billion annually.
However, the cost is more than just a financial cost. Obesity can lead to premature death and increased exposure to other diseases and it can have an incalculable impact on the quality of life, as well as on the family.
You can also see
Obesity prevalence maps Special data on obesity prevalence using self-reported information from the Behavioral Risk Factor Monitoring System (BRFSS) show that the prevalence of obesity remains high in the United States.